Examinations

LL.B.

The course for the degree of Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) shall extend over a period of three academic years (i.e. six terms in all)
No student can be transferred from one Law Centre to another during the course of the study.

The medium of instruction shall be English. The medium of examination shall be English or Hindi.
The instruction shall be imparted through participatory learning methods including case method, group work, simulation exercises, role plays, etc., and shall include seminars, tutorial work, moot courts, field visits, internships, and practical training programmes.

The academic year shall be divided into (02) two Terms as may be approved by the Academic Council from time to time. There shall be examination in each course as prescribed. A student has to study five subjects in each term and must pass thirty (30) subjects with a minimum of 45% marks in each in order to qualify for the LL.B. Degree.

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Attendance Rules in conformity with the BCI Legal Education Rules 2008 : All students of LL.B. shall have to put in minimum attendance of 70% of the lectures in each of the courses as also at the moot courts, tutorials and practical training course conducted or taught in a semester for taking the examination. Provided that if a student for any exceptional reasons fails to attend 70% of the classes held in any subject or training course, the Dean of the Faculty of Law may allow the student to take the examination for the semester if the student concerned attended at least 65% of the classes held in the subject concerned and attended 70% of classes in all the subjects taken together in all the courses of the semester. Provided further the Dean, Faculty of Law or a committee constituted by the Dean in this regard may allow attendance up to fifteen days in one semester or twenty days in a year for participation in recognized Moot Court Competitions, Seminars and Conferences, Legal Aid Camps and activities, sensitization programes, Training Programes relevant to Legal Education, etc. The Dean of the Faculty or Professor-in-charge of the Law Centre shall have power to strike off the name of a student who is grossly irregular in attendance in spite of warning or when the absence of the student is for such a long period that he/she cannot put in requisite percentage of attendance for the semester.

Attendance Rules in conformity with the BCI Legal Education Rules 2008

(1) No student shall be promoted to the next Term, if he/she has been detained in the examination for shortage of attendance.

(2) Subject to sub-rule (i) above, a student of LL.B. First, Third or Fifth Term shall be eligible for promotion to Second, Fourth or Sixth Term, respectively irrespective of the number of courses in which he/she has failed to pass or failed to appear in the First, Third or Fifth Term examinations.

(3) Subjecttosub-rules(i)and(ii)above,astudentofLL.B.SecondTermshallbeeligible for promotion to Third Term if he/she has passed in at least five papers of First and Second Term examinations taken together and a student of Fourth Term shall be eligible for promotion to Fifth Term if he/she has passed in at least fifteen papers of First, Second, Third and Fourth Term examinations taken together.

Note: The students eligible for admission to III/V Term must seek admission not later than two weeks from the date(s) of announcement of the results of LL.B. II/IV Term Annual Examinations or within one week of commencement of teaching, whichever is later, failing which they will forfeit their right to be admitted to III/V Term in the particular year.

Re-admission Rules

(1) There shall be no re-admission in the LL.B. First Term under any circumstances including detention for shortage of attendance in that Term.

(2) A student who has been detained for shortage of attendance or for applying late for admission in Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth or Sixth Term shall be eligible for readmission in the same Term in which he/she had been detained provided (a) he/she seeks readmission before commencement of teaching in the relevant Term; (b) his/her conduct has been satisfactory; and (c) he/she shows sufficient cause for his/her discontinuance of studies or for not having put in the requisite percentage of attendance to the satisfaction of a Committee consisting of the Dean, Faculty of Law and the Professors-in-Charge of the Law Centres.

(3) An applicant who has failed in examination or failed to appear at the examination and who is otherwise eligible to appear at the examination as an ex-student, shall not be admitted as a regular student. In exceptional cases, however, where such an applicant is a foreigner, studying under the Cultural Scholarship Scheme of the Government of India, etc., re-admission may be allowed.

(4) In respect of an applicant seeking re-admission, his previous record shall be carefully scrutinized at the concerned Law Centre.

Pass percentage and Classification of Successful Candidates

The following shall be the percentage of marks for passing the examination and for classification of successful candidates admitted to the LL.B. course:

(i) A candidate must pass in all 30 courses in six Terms to be eligible to obtain the LL.B. Degree;

(ii) A candidate must secure not less than 45% marks to pass in each Paper;

(iii) A candidate securing 60% or more marks in the aggregate in all 30 courses taken together will be awarded First Division;

(iv) A candidate securing less than 60% marks but not less than 50% marks in the aggregate in all the 30 courses taken together will be awarded Second Division;

(v) No Division will be awarded to a candidate securing less than 50% marks in the aggregate in all the courses taken together; The Distinction in any paper(s) of a Term will be awarded only to those candidates who passed in all papers of the Term concerned in one attempt in normal course securing minimum 75% marks in the paper(s) concerned.

Improvement of Previous Performance

1. AstudentstudyingintheThirdTermmaybepermittedtosurrenderhis/herresult of any subject of the First Term within one month of the commencement of the
Term provided:

(a) he/she has passed that subject in the first attempt; and

(b) at the time of surrendering his/her result, he/she has passed at least 5 other subjects of the First and Second Terms taken together excluding the subjects the result of which he/she wishes to surrender.

2. AstudentstudyingintheFourthTermmaybepermittedtosurrenderhis/her result of any subject of the Second Term within one month of the commencement of that Term provided:

(a) he/she has passed that subject in the first attempt; and

(b) at the time of surrendering his/her result, he/she has passed at least 5 other subjects of the First and Second Terms taken together excluding the subjects the result of which he/she wishes to surrender.

Improvement of Previous Performance

3. AstudentstudyingintheFifthTermmaybepermittedtosurrenderhis/herresult of any subject of the Third Term within one month of the commencement of that Term provided:
(a) he/shehaspassedthatsubjectinthefirstattempt;and

(b) at the time of surrendering his/her result, he/she has passed at least 15 other subjects of the First, Second, Third and Fourth Terms taken together excluding the subjects the result of which he/she wishes to surrender.

4. A student studying in the Sixth Term may be permitted to surrender his/her result of any subject of the Fourth Term within one month of the commencement of that Term provided:
(a) he/shehaspassedthatsubjectinthefirstattempt;and

(b) at the time of surrendering his/her result, he/she has passed at least 15 other subjects of the First, Second, Third and Fourth Terms taken together excluding the subjects the result of which he/she wishes to surrender.

5. A student who has been promoted to the Sixth Term may be permitted to surrender the results of not more than two subjects of the Fifth Term within one month of the commencement of the Term or the publication of the result of the Fifth Term, whichever is later. In such a case, he/she will take the supplementary examination in those subjects to be held in that year subject to his/her being eligible for the benefit of supplementary examinations.

6. A student who has passed in all the subjects of the Sixth Term may, within one month of the declaration of the result of Sixth Term examination, surrender his/her result of not more than two subjects of the Sixth Term along with a declaration that he/she will not seek enrolment or employment or any other benefit on the basis that he/she has passed the LL.B. examination till such time the result of the subjects in which he/she wishes to improve his/her performance has been declared. He/she will take the examination at the next available opportunity.

7. Such candidates who surrender results in order to improve their performance will take the examination in the current question paper based on the latest syllabus along with the regular students of that year.

8. Incasethestudentfailstoappearinthepaperafterfillinguptheimprovementform, the marks obtained by her/him shall be restored.*

Supplementary Examination rules in compliance with Aditya N. Prasad, W.P.(C) No. 7365 of 2011 as approved by AC/EC in 2017:

A supplementary examination for students of LL.B V and VI Terms would be held at the end of the VI Term examinations to give one more opportunity to such students who could not clear any one or more papers of V and VI terms. In case a student of V and VI Term had not cleared any paper of I, II, III and IV Terms he/she would clear the same by taking the respective examinations at the regular examination held at the end of each Term: Provided that such students of V and VI Terms who could not clear any paper or papers of the V and VI Terms even after taking the supplementary examination, he/she would clear the same at the regular examinations of V and VI Terms held at the end of each Term. Provided further that all the thirty papers, required for getting the LL.B degree has to be cleared within the over-all span of 6 years.”

The Supplementary Exams will be held in strict compliance with the Appendix XVIII E.C. dated 3.7.17/ 14.7.17 (pp-255-59) and will be open to the regular final year students only.

Span Period

Subject to the provisions contained in the Ordinance relating to ex-students as in force from time to time, a student must clear all the courses offered in all the Terms within a span period of six years from the date of admission to first year of the LL.B. course. No student shall be admitted as a candidate for any LL.B. examination after six years from the date of admission to the first year of the course.

LL.M.

Duration of LL.M. Course

(i) LL.M.TwoYear(FourTerms)Course
This is a full-time course meant only for those who are not in employment or engaged in any trade, profession and business or occupation. The student is required to give an affidavit for the same at the time of admission.

(ii) LL.M.Three Year (Six Terms) Course
This course is meant for all applicants including those who are in employment or engaged in any trade, profession and business or occupation.

(iii) M.C.L. Two Year (Four Terms) Course This course is meant for Foreign Nationals only.
2. Each academic year shall be divided into two Terms.
3. The medium of instructions and examination shall be English.

4. The instruction shall be imparted through lectures, class discussion, and Research Paper presentations by the students.
5. The course curricula of LL.M. is in the process of revision including the evaluation system in each course with the University of Delhi introducing Choice Based Credit System for its Post Graduate courses from the Academic Year 2019-20. Courses, number of options, and Rules marked with * indicate the changes recommended by the Faculty of Law pending approval of the AC/EC.

The following are the subjects and courses of study for the LL.M. and M.C.L. :-

LL M (TWO YEARS) COURSE

LL.M. I Term Examination: (Four courses)

2YLM 101: Comparative Constitution Law and Governance – Compulsory Course 2YLM 102 : “ Legal and Social Science Research Methods” – Compulsory course* Optional courses (Opt any two*)
2YLM-103: Law of International Organisation and Human Rights

2YLM-108: Corporate Management and Social Responsibility 2YLM-109: Intellectual and Industrial Property Laws-I 2YLM-111: Comparative Labour and Wage Law
2YLM-113: Criminal Justice and Human Rights

2YLM-114: Comparative Law of Marriage, Divorce and Civil Code 2YLM-117: Administrative Law and Regulatory Mechanisms

LL.M. II Term Examination: (four courses)

2YLM-201 LawandJusticeinaGlobalWorld-CompulsoryCourse

Optional courses (Opt any three)

2YLM-202: Administrative Action and Judicial Review 2YLM-203: Law of Air and Space
2YLM-204: Law of Corporate Finance and Securities Regulation 2YLM-205: Competition and Consumer Protection Law 2YLM-206: Intellectual and Industrial Property Laws-II 2YLM-207: Insurance Law and Banking (New)

2YLM-208: Cyber and Information Technology Law (New) 2YLM-209: Corporate and White Collar Crimes 2YLM-210: Law of Torts and Disaster Management. 2YLM-211: Law, Media and Censorship

LL.M. III Term Examination: (Three courses)

Optional Course (Opt any three)

2YLM 104: Interpretation and Drafting of Treaties and Legislations 2YLM 105: International Economic Law, Trade & Diplomacy
2YLM 106: Environmental Law.
2YLM 110: Tax Policies and Tax Reforms

2YLM 112: Criminology and Criminal Justice administration 2YLM 115:Laws of Inheritance and Succession
2YLM-116: Law of women and Child rights (modified)*

LL M (TWO YEARS) COURSE LL.M. IV Term Examination:*

The students shall submit a Dissertation carrying 200 marks as prescribed:

The students shall submit the title with synopsis for dissertation for approval in the 3rdsemester by 15thOctober. The supervisors shall be appointed by 15th November after successful defence of the synopsis by the candidate through an interview before the panel appointed by the LL.M. Committee. The student shall be entitled to submit the dissertation on 30 April and upto30th June with the permission of Dean, Faculty of Law, as a regular student. The dissertation must have the PLAGIARISM CHECK CERTIFICATE duly signed by the Librarian of the Faculty of Law and the Supervisor.

LL.M. (Three Years) Course

LL.M. I Term Examination: (Three Courses)
3YLM 101 : Comparative Constitution Law and Governance Compulsory paper 2YLM 102 :“ Legal and Social Science Research Methods” Compulsory course* Optional papers (Opt any one*)
3YLM 103: Law of International Organisation and Human Rights
3YLM 109: Intellectual and Industrial Property Laws-I
3YLM 111: Comparative Labour and Wage Law
3YLM 116: Law of Women and Child Rights (modified)
3YLM 117: Administrative Law and Techniques of Judicial Control

LL.M. II Term Examination: (Two Courses)

3YLM 201: Law and Justice in a Global World – Compulsory paper

Optional papers (Opt any one)

3YLM 206: Intellectual and Industrial Property Laws-II 3YLM 207: Insurance Law and Banking (new)
3YLM 208: Cyber and Information Technology Law (new) 3YLM 209: Corporate and White Collar Crimes

3YLM 210: Law of Torts and Disaster Management.

LL.M. III Term Examination: (Two Courses)

Optional papers (Opt any two*)

3YLM 104: Interpretation and Drafting of Treaties and Legislations 3YLM 106: Environmental Law.
3YLM 110: Tax Policies and Tax Reforms
3YLM 112: Criminology and Criminal Justice administration 3YLM 115: Laws of Inheritance and Succession

2YLM-116: Law of women and Child rights

LL.M. IV Term Examination: (Two Courses)

Optional papers (Opt any two*)

The students may opt any two of the following courses:
3YLM 202: Administrative Discretion and Judicial Review 3YLM 204: Law of Corporate Finance and Securities Regulation 3YLM 203: Law of Air and Space
3YLM 205: Competition and Consumer Protection Law
3YLM 211: Law, Media and Censorship.

LL.M. V Term Examination: (Two Courses)

Optional papers (Opt any one*)

The students may opt any two from the following courses;
3YLM 105: International Economic Law, Trade & Diplomacy 3YLM 107: Law of the Sea
3YLM 108: Corporate Management and Social Responsibility 3YLM 114: Comparative Law of Marriage, Divorce and Civil Code

LL.M. VI Term Examination:*

Each student shall submit a Dissertation carrying 200 marks as prescribed. The students shall submit the title with synopsis for dissertation for approval in the 5thsemester by 15thOctober. The supervisors shall be appointed by 15th November after successful defence of the synopsis by the candidate through an interview before the panel appointed by the LL.M. Committee.

Time Frame for submission of Dissertation:*

Every student of IV Term of LL.M./M.C.L. Two-Year course and VI Term of LL.M. Three-Year course shall submit a Dissertation carrying 200 marks on a topic approved by the Faculty of Law on or before 30th April of the year in which he/she is a student of that Term. In special cases, however, the Dean may permit a student to submit the Dissertation after 30th April but not later than 30th June of the year. In case the Dissertation is not submitted by 30th June as aforesaid, the student will have to register as an ex-student in accordance with the provisions of the Ordinance relating to ex-students of the University.

As an ex-student, a student may submit the Dissertation as follows:-
(a) LastweekofOctober;
(b) LastweekofJanuary;
(c) Last week of April and, with the permission of the Dean, last week of June of the year: Provided that such of the students who register themselves as ex-students either for submission of Dissertation or for clearing any of the papers may be given the Degree of the academic year in which they clear all the requirements of the LL.M. examination.

Note: In a case where a student fails to obtain the minimum of 50% marks in the Dissertation submitted by him/her, he/she shall be permitted to revise and resubmit the Dissertation on

the same or on a fresh topic, to be approved by the Faculty of Law, if he/she so desires. Further, if the student desires to revise and resubmit the Dissertation on the same topic, extracts from the report of the examiner as to the defects in the Dissertation be made available

to the student to enable him/her to revise and re-submit the same.

(a) The classes for Two-Year/Three-Year course may be held at any place in the day or evening at the discretion of the Dean.
(b) The classes in the compulsory Foundation Courses may be held jointly in the evening for all the students.

(c) Any course other than Compulsory Foundation Courses may not be offered if facility for teaching is not available.

Attendance Rules

No student shall be deemed to have pursued a regular course of study for the LL.M. Degree examination unless:-

(i) he/she has attended a minimum of two-thirds of the total number of lectures delivered in the Term in which he/she has been admitted as a regular student; and

(ii) he/she has submitted the Research Paper for class discussion in each course and the teacher teaching the course is satisfied with the Paper and its presentation in the class.

(iii) All students must submit a printed copy of their class presentation with Anti-Plagiarism Certificate before the end of the semester in the Office of the Dean, Faculty of Law, DU.

(iv) No students will be promoted to the next term, if he/she was detained for shortage of attendance and/or non-submission of written Research Papers in all the courses in class discussion and failed to get certificate from the teacher, teaching the subject.

Note:
(1) The term ‘lectures’ will include lectures, presentations, and discussion classes.
(2) In determining the exact number of the minimum requisite attendance, i.e., two thirds of lectures and discussion classes, fractions shall be ignored.

No student shall be permitted to appear in the examination of any Term unless he/she has presented a Research Paper in each of the courses of the Term for class discussion and the teacher teaching each course issues a certificate that the Paper and its presentation by the student was to his/her satisfaction. Provided that this requirement shall not be applicable to the compulsory Foundation Course in “Legal and Social Science Research Methods”. Provided further that the Dean may, in her/his discretion, exempt a student of the above requirement in exceptional cases of hardship.

Promotion Rules for Two year and Three year LL.M.: –

(i) No student shall be promoted to the next Term, if he/she has been detained in the examination for shortage of attendance a

Promotion Rules for Two year and Three year LL.M.: –

(iv) Subject to sub-rule (i) above, a student of LL.M. First, Third or Fifth Term of Three-Year course shall be eligible for promotion to Second, Fourth or Sixth Term, respectively irrespective of the number of courses in which he/she has failed to pass or failed to appear in the First, Third or Fifth Term examinations.

(v) Subject to sub-rules (i) and (iv) above, a student of LL.M. Second Term in Three-Year course shall be eligible for promotion to Third Term if he/she has passed in at least three papers of First and Second Term examinations taken together and a student of Fourth Term shall be eligible for promotion to Fifth Term if he/she has passed in at least four papers of First, Second, Third and Fourth Term examinations taken together.

(vi) Subject to above sub-rules, a student may be permitted to submit Dissertation at the end of Fourth Term in case of two-year course, or Sixth Term in case of three-year course, on a topic approved by the Faculty of Law irrespective of number of courses which he/she has failed to pass or failed to appear in the examination.

Note: The students eligible for admission to III/V Term must seek admission not later than two weeks from the date(s) of announcement of the results of LL.M. II/IV Term annual examinations or within one week of commencement of teaching, whichever is later, failing which they will forfeit their right to be admitted to III/V Term.

Re-admission Rules

(i) There shall be no re-admission in the LL.M. First Term under any circumstances including detention of a student for shortage of attendance in that Term and/or non submission of written paper in all the courses offered by him/her for class discussion and failure to get certificate from the teacher teaching the course.

(ii) A student who has been detained for shortage of attendance or otherwise in Second, Third, Fourth or Fifth Term shall be eligible for re-admission in the Term in which he/she had been detained provided (a) he/she seeks re-admission within the date prescribed by the Dean, Faculty of Law which will not be later than one week from commencement of teaching in that Term; (b) his/her conduct has been satisfactory; and (c) he/she shows sufficient cause to the satisfaction of the Dean, Faculty of Law for his/her discontinuance of studies or for not having put in the requisite percentage of attendance and/or non- submission of written paper in all the courses offered by him/her for class discussion and failure to get certificate from the teacher teaching the course.

(iii) An applicant who has failed in examination or failed to appear at the examination and who is otherwise eligible to appear at the examination as an ex-student, shall not be admitted as a regular student. In exceptional cases, however, where such an applicant is a foreigner, studying under the Cultural Scholarship Scheme of the Government of India, etc., re-admission may be allowed.

(iv) In respect of an applicant seeking re-admission, his previous record shall be carefully scrutinized.

nd/or non-submission of written Research Paper in all the courses offered by him/her for class discussion and had failed to get certificate from the teacher teaching the course.

(ii) Subject to sub-rule (i) above, a student of LL.M. First or Third Term of Two-Year course shall be eligible for promotion to Second or Fourth Term, respectively irrespective of the number of courses in which he/she has failed to pass or failed to appear in the First or Third Term examinations.

(iii) Subject to sub-rules (i) and (ii) above, a student of LL.M. Second Term in Two-Year course shall be eligible for promotion to Third Term if he/she has passed in at least four papers of First and Second Term examinations taken together.

Pass percentage

In order to be eligible for LL.M. Degree, a student must have passed (i.e. secured 50% marks) in each of the courses offered by him/her and in addition he/she must have secured at least 50% marks in the Dissertation.

Span Period

Subject to the provisions contained in the Ordinance relating to ex-students as in force from time to time, a student must clear all the courses offered in all the Terms within a span period of —

within five years from the date of admission to first year of the Two-Year LL.M. course and
within six years in case of Three year LL.M. course.

No student shall be admitted as a candidate for any LL.M. examination after five or six years, as the case may be, from the date of admission to the first year of the course.

Master of Comparative Laws (M.C.L.)

1. The Master of Comparative Laws (M.C.L.) Degree Course is a two years (four Terms) Course. For admission to M.C.L. Degree Course there is no requirement of appearing in the entrance test.

2. This course is meant for a foreign national who has obtained the Degree of Bachelor of Laws or any other Degree from a country other than India with at least 50% marks which entitle him/her to practise in his/her own country.

3. The medium of instruction and examination in this course is English. No one will be admitted to this course unless he is found proficient in English language. It is essential that an applicant for M.C.L. Degree course should have received his/her earlier education in law or in the Under- graduate Degree course or at the senior secondary level through English medium or had passed any test in English language. Every application for admission to M.C.L. Degree course must contain a certificate from the appropriate authority to the above effect.

4. Not more than ten students shall be admitted to this course. The students seeking admission to M.C.L. Degree course will not be required to appear in any entrance test but all applications shall be considered on the basis of individual merits.

5. A candidate seeking admission to M.C.L. course must apply only through Foreign Students’ Advisor of the University along with the following documents:-

(i) Attested true copy of the University Marks-sheet(s) of LL.B. or equivalent Degree examination showing marks and Division obtained;

(ii) Attested true copy of University Degree Certificate of LL.B. or equivalent Degree;

(iii) Attested true copy of a certificate of proficiency in English e.g. that the applicant had passed LL.B. or Under-Graduate/Post-Graduate Degree examination or senior secondary through English medium or had passed some test in English language.

6. The applications for admission to M.C.L. Degree course shall be entertained upto 15 June of the year in which admission is sought. All admissions to M.C.L. course shall be completed along with LL.M. admissions.

7. The courses of study, attendance, promotion, re-admission, examination, span period, discipline and other provisions applicable to LL.M. Two-Year Degree course shall mutatis mutandis apply to M.C.L. Degree course also. The Dean may, however, permit a student of M.C.L. to submit research paper in lieu of written examination in any of the courses. The research paper shall carry 100 marks. The student allowed to submit research paper in lieu of written examination must do so before the dispersal of classes of the concerned Term